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Useful weblinks: Return From Troy, Episode 3

Exchange of Gifts
Odysseus offers Wine to the Cyclops: Roman mosaic
    Famous mosaic in a luxury Roman vila at Piazza Armerina in Sicily, dating to the 300's AD.
Odysseus offers Wine to the Cyclops: modern illustration
    By Libico Maraja, 1980.
Odysseus, the Cyclops and Wine
    Does Odysseus need to get the Cyclops tipsy with wine to blind him? 
These preview pages from the book "The Tradition of the Trojan War in Homer..." by J.Burgess suggest that the wine motif was an important episode in pre-Homeric folk tales about one-eyed giants that Homer had to include although he didn't develop fully. 
For older students.
The Blinding of the Cyclops: c.650 BC
    Possibly the earliest depiction of this scene. On a large Greek vase (neck-amphora) that originally contained the skeleton of small child buried at Eleusis in Greece. 
In Eleusis Museum.
The Blinding of the Cyclops: c.520 BC
    Greek amphora by the "Polyphemus Group", c.520 BC. 
In the British Museum.
The Blinding of the Cyclops: c.500 BC
    Detail of a Greek jug (oinochoe) by the Theseus Painter, dating between 510-490 BC. 
In the Louvre, Paris.
The Blinding of the Cyclops: c.40 BC - c.1 BC
    Wonderful late Greek statue group showing Odysseus and his companions doing the dirty deed; from a seaside grotto that probably belonged to the Emperor Tiberius.
The Blinding of the Cyclops: 1555 AD
    Detail of a fresco painted by Pellegrino Tibaldi in Palazzo Poggi, Bologna, Italy.
The Blinding of the Cyclops: 1986 AD
    Illustration by Peter Connolly.
The Blinding of the Cyclops: 1995 AD
    The realism is such you can almost feel the pain... 
By Alan Lee
The Blinding of the Cyclops: 2000 AD
    Magnificent illustration by Stuart Robertson, 2000.
Polyphemus = Chatterbox 
We only discover the Cyclops' name is Polyphemus, meaning Chatterbox, when the other cyclopes roused by his cries ask him what's wrong. 
It's ironic that his name is Chatterbox since the cyclopes live solitary lives apart from each other - talk is hardly "their thing". It is only when Odysseus arrives that they are forced to communicate with each other - perhaps an instance of Odysseus (a Greek) bringing the gifts of "civilization" to a wild, barbaric race.
Source for the above section
> Homer, Odyssey, Book 9.

Cursed
Escape from Cyclops' Cave: 540 BC
    Small, Greek bronze scultpure once attached to a cauldron, c.540-530 BC. 
In the Delphi Museum, Greece.
Escape from Cyclops' Cave: 510 BC
    Athenian pot (known as a column-crater) painted by the "Sappho Painter", c.510 BC. 
Now in the Karlsruhe Badisches Landesmuseum, Germany.
Escape from Cyclops' Cave: 1980
    Odysseus hangs on through strength alone; his comrades are each bound under three sheep tied together. 
Illustration by Libico Maraja, 1980.
Escape from Cyclops' Cave: 2004
    A chilling depiction by Christina Balit, 2004
Escape from the Island: 10 BC
    Details of a Roman wall-painting depicting the Cyclops throwing rocks at Odysseus' ship. 
From from the Imperial Villa at Boscotrecase near Pompeii; now in the Metropolitan Museum, New York.
Escape from the Island: c.1829
    Extremely famous painting ("Ulysses Deriding Polyphemus") by J.W.M. Turner depicting Odysseus and his ships sailing away from the Cyclops, his bulk looming out of the ominous clouds and with rock raised above his head. 
In Tate Britain, London.
Escape from the Island: 1896
    By the Swiss artist Arnold Böcklin, 1896.
Escape from the Island: 1902
    "Polyphemus" painted in 1902 by the French artist Jean-Leon Gerome. Private collection.
Escape from the Island: 2000
    Illustration by Stuart Robertson.
Barbarity v. Civilization
    Useful, brief look at how the barbaric Cyclopes contrast with the civilized Phaeacians led by King Alcinous.
1954 Movie
    ummm... well, it's not up to today's standards...
Source for the above section
> Homer, Odyssey, Book 9.

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