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Useful weblinks: War With Troy, Episode 1

Peleus Wins his Bride
Mt Olympus: the map
    Where in Greece is this mountain?
Here's another map with Mt Olympus and Athens marked.
From space you can even see its snowy peak!
Mt Olympus: the myth
    Did the ancient Greeks really believe the gods lived on top? Some probably did, others probably not. The mountain is quite easy to climb in the summer, and to explain why no gods in their palaces were to be seen some ancients changed the story to say that the gods lived in the sky above Mt Olympus!
Mt Olympus: the reality
    It is the highest mountain in Greece at 2,919 metres or 9,570 feet high.
Zeus seated on Mt Olympus 1
    He's oozing power... with lightning-bolt and eagle.
Zeus seated on Mt Olympus 2
    Incidentally, the girl begging at Zeus' feet is Thetis... but we'll get to that bit later on in the story! Painting by J.A.D.Ingres, from 1811.
Zeus seated on Mt Olympus 3
    From the 1981 film "Clash of the Titans". Nice laser-beam effect!
Greek Gods & Goddesses 1
    Terrific picture showing the 12 major gods and goddesses who lived on Mt Olympus; they are pictured with their special symbols. Look for:
Zeus, king of the gods with thunder-bolt;
Hera, queen of the gods with peacock, pomegranate & cuckoo-topped sceptre;
Athene, goddess of wisdom and defensive warfare with owl and shield;
Apollo, god of music, poetry & archery with lyre and bow;
Artemis, goddess of hunting with bow and arrows;
Hermes, the messenger god with winged helmet & winged sandals (his herald's staff though is mistakenly depicted as being entwined with snakes - that snakey staff belonged to Asklepius, god of medicine!);
Ares, god of war with spear and shield;
Hestia, goddess of the home with hearth fire;
Poseidon, god of the sea, earthquakes and horses, with trident & horse;
Demeter, goddess of the harvest with wheatsheaf;
Hephaestus, god of metalworking with hammer and tongs;
Aphrodite, goddess of love and beauty with her son Eros (Cupid).
Greek Gods & Goddesses 2
    Find out more about the main Greek god family-tree with links to more information and fabulous ancient and "modern" pictures of the gods.
Hades, god of the Underworld, is also included.
Greek Gods & Goddesses 3
    Illustrated with objects from the British Museum. Check out symbols, objects, places and festivals of each god or goddess. Dionysus, god of wine, replaces Hestia in their line-up of 12 gods.
Greek Gods & Goddesses 4
    This is the Mt Olympus of all websites about the Greek gods. Everything you ever wanted to know with terrific illustrations from ancient Greece & Rome.
A Greek Island the beautiful Aegean sea.
    Roman statue showing a thoughtful Thetis with a young triton (human upper half, fishy lower-half) at her feet.
Girl on a dolphin
    Terrific modern sculpture (1973) by David Wynne which stands on the bank of the Thames near Tower Bridge in London.
Here's a real modern-day Thetis...
Peleus wrestles Thetis: the Greek cup
    Peleus has his arms wrapped around Thetis and he locks his hands together to prevent her escaping. Some of the animals she turns into are shown symbolically around the edges of this wide-bowled drinking cup.
Cup painted by Peithinos who signs his name on the cup; dating c.500 BC; now in the Antikenmuseum, Berlin-Charlottenburg, Germany.
Peleus wrestles Thetis: the Greek pot
    They're at it again...
Container painted by the Oinanthe Painter; dating c.460 BC; now in the Louvre Museum, Paris.
Classical sources for the above section:
> Apollodorus, Library 3.168-170 (Greek book of myths, 1st C. AD)
> Ovid, Metamorphoses 11.217 (Latin epic poem, c.8 AD)
The Wedding of Peleus and Thetis
Wedding of Peleus and Thetis: the guests arrive
    On this monumental Greek pot, the painter Sophilos shows Peleus at the door of his palace greeting the gods and goddesses coming to his wedding. Thetis, remains unseen, in the palace.
Made in Athens c.580 BC; in the British Museum.
Wedding of Peleus and Thetis: feasting and merriment...
    The happy couple with their arms round each other sit at the end of the table nearest us. Sea deities from the bride's side are on the left, land-lubbers from the groom's side are on the right, and include Gaia, the Earth, holding a cornucopia of goodies.
Painted 1600 by the German artist Hans Rottenhammer; in the Hermitage State Museum, St Petersburg, Russia.
...what could go wrong?
Eris: the univited guest
    and her apple of revenge...
The Golden Apple: to the fairest one
    inscribed kallisti in Greek.
Wedding of Peleus and Thetis: the golden apple arrives
    Oooops... here comes the apple!
Peleus is looking out to us, as if saying "What's up?"... and we shout "She's behind you!"
Painting by Dutch artist Abraham Bloemaert, c.1596, in the Alte Pinakothek, Munich.
Wedding of Peleus and Thetis: the discord begins
    Zeus takes the golden apple while the three goddesses - Athena, Hera and Aphrodite - stretch out their hands to claim it: "Mine, mine, mine!" Peleus and Thetis are on the left, cowering away from the bickering.
Painting by Peter Paul Rubens in the Chicago Art Institute, Chicago, USA.
Classical sources for the above section:
> Hyginus, Fabulae 92 (Latin book of myths, 1st-2nd C. AD)
The Birth & Childhood of Achilles
Achilles is dunked
    Terrific sculpture of Thetis holding baby Achilles by his heel and dipping him into the river Styx to make him invulnerable.
Sculpted in 1790 by Thomas Banks; now in the V&A Museum, London.
The river Styx
    The most famous of the five rivers of the Underworld - the subterranean land of the dead. Upon death, souls had to be ferried across it by Charon the ferryman to reach the Underworld's "dead-zone". Fabulous picture by Lotta Tjernström.
The Education of Achilles 1: Roman fresco
    The wise centaur Chiron teaches Achilles to play the lyre.
Wall-painting dating to c.79 AD from the Basilica at Herculaneum; now in the Archaeological Museum, Naples.
The Education of Achilles 2: neo-classical painting
    Next lesson... archery.
The dead lion behind them is part of Achilles' daily diet to make him strong!
Painted in 1782 by the French artist Jean-Baptiste Regnault; in the Louvre, Paris.
The Education of Achilles 3 - school's over
    Thetis and her nymphs decide to whisk Achilles off and hide him out of harm's way."Thanks Chiron, great job...but gotta go!"
Painted in 1770 by the Italian artist Pompeo Batoni; in the State Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russia.
Now where do you hide a cross-dressed, famous young warrior?
    Aha - of course - with the daughters of King Lycomedes on the island of Skyros.
Achilles and Patroclus
    A sweet painting on the inside of an ancient Greek cup showing Achilles bandaging the wounded arm of his friend Patroclus.
Made c.500 BC by Sosias; in the Altes Museum, Berlin, Germany.
The Arrow Ring
    Achilles' was golden... but you get the idea!
Classical sources for the above section:
> Statius, Achilleid 1 (Latin epic poem, 1st C. AD)

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