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Useful weblinks: War With Troy, Episode 5

Paris Lays Down a Challenge
The Greek Camp 1
    With the boats dragged up on the beach, the Greeks start to make a camp.
The Greek Camp 2
    Supplies are unloaded, tents are erected... Homer tells us in the Iliad 8.225 that Achilles' boat and camp were at one end of the line of ships and Ajax's were at the other.
Terrific photo from the movie Troy.
The Greek Camp 3
    A wooden pallisade or fortification is built in front of the Greek ships and camp.
In the most famous ancient version of the Trojan War, as recounted by Homer, the pallisade and ditch are only constructed in the tenth and final year of the war (Iliad 7.335ff).
Map of Troy and surrounding area
    The real lie of the land around 1200 BC, the possible date of the Trojan War, there was a large bay in front of Troy. No-one knows where the Greeks beached their ships and set up camp, but it was possibly at the lower end of the Sigean Ridge (given that references in Homer suggest that the Scamander River ran between the two sides and a ford had to be crossed).
River Scamander
    The main river that flows across the Trojan plain.
The River Xanthus is, in fact, just another name for River Scamander.
The Greek poet Homer says of the river: "it is called Skamandros by mortals but Xanthos by the gods." (Iliad, 20.54)
River Simoeis
    In addition to the River Scamander/Xanthus, there was another river flowing across the plain called the Simoeis.
Today it is a seasonal river, shown here in its dry phase!
The Greek army lines up
    A scene from the movie Troy.
The Greek and Trojan armies face each other
    Will battle be joined?
Hector hectors Paris
    Hector has a few words with his brother after he gets jelly legs when he sees he has to fight Menelaus.
Modern illustration by Victor Ambrus.
Sacrifices before the Duel
    Menelaus and Paris prepare to fight each other as sacrifices are given. Illustration by Victor Ambrus.
Classical sources for the above section:
> Homer, Iliad 3.1-120, 245-330; 7.335-345, 435ff (Greek epic poem, c.750 BC)
Aphrodite to the Rescue
Paris v. Menelaus part 1
    They stand and face each other...
Paris v. Menelaus part 2
    Menelaus has Paris on the run...
Greek cup from c.490 BC showing Menelaus (centre-left), Paris (centre-right), Aphrodite (left) and Artemis (right).
In the Louvre Museum, Paris.
Paris v. Menelaus part 3
    It looks as if it's all over for Paris as Menelaus pulls on Paris' helmet and strangles him with the chin-straps...
Modern illustration by Victor Ambrus.
Paris v. Menelaus part 4
    ...but Aphrodite whisks Paris away in a mist.
Illustration by Alan Lee.
Aphrodite brings Paris and Helen together
    Painted by Richard Westall c.1805, in Tate Britain, London.
Classical sources for the above section:
> Homer, Iliad 3.340-450 (Greek epic poem, c.750 BC)
Hostilities Resume
Owl-eyed Athene
    Athene, goddess of wisdom and warfare, was often portrayed in both literature and art as being accompanied by an owl, a creature also associated with wisdom.
It's unusual to see Athene without her armour on. She may be alluring... but she still holds a grudge against Paris for not giving her the apple! Terrific image by Joe Bergeron.
Athene directs Pandarus to shoot
    Apollo and Aphrodite, gods friendly to Troy, look on as Athene reignites the war on the Trojan plain.
Drawn by Alice and Martin Provensen.
In the main ancient source for this episode (Homer Iliad 4) Menelaus is in fact wounded and it's the Trojans who then lead a follow-up attack against the Greeks.
Hostilities Resume
    Drawn by Alice and Martin Provensen.
In War With Troy the most significant change from the ancient stories is that of timing: in WWT the duel between Paris and Menelaus occurs shortly after the Greeks arrive on Trojan shores and signals the beginning of the long seige of Troy (later to be revealed as lasting 10 years). However, in ancient sources (principally Homer's Iliad), this duel occurs in the 10th year of the siege and is the beginning of the end of the war.
Classical sources for the above section:
> Homer, Iliad 4.70ff (Greek epic poem, c.750 BC)

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