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Useful weblinks: War With Troy, Episode 10

In the Enemy Camp / A Father Begs for the Return of his Son
In the ancient versions of this episode both Priam and Achilles are prompted by the gods to meet each other. Our War With Troy lets both of them decide for themselves their course of action - Priam to go to Achilles, and Achilles to receive Priam. Does this make them more human? Which version do you prefer?
Priam Begs Achilles: Greek vase 1
    Greek red-figure hydria (vase for carrying water), dating c.500 BC, with the scene of Priam begging Achilles for Hector's body which lies beneath his couch.
In Harvard Art Museum, Cambridge, USA.
Priam Begs Achilles: Greek vase 2
    Greek red-figure cup, dating c.490 BC, with white-haired Priam approaching Achilles with the ransom of gifts and gold for Hector's body. More detail: 1 and 2.
By the Brygos Painter; in the KHM Museum, Vienna.
Priam Begs Achilles: Roman cup
    Roman silver cup, 1st century AD, found in Denmark in the grave of a local chieftan.
Now in the National Museum, Denmark.
Priam Begs Achilles: neo-classical painting
    "Priam at the Foot of Achilles" by Joseph Wencker, 1876.
A tremendous painting highlighting the contrasts between Priam and Achilles: old and weak v. young and powerful body; black v. white clothes; low, grovelling v. high, upright posture...
In the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris
Priam Begs Achilles: 1950's illustration
    Strangely captivating drawing from 1956 by A. & M. Provensen.
Classical sources for the above section:
> Homer, Iliad 24.159-506
> Dictys of Crete, Journal of the Trojan War 3.2,20-21 (Greek fictional diary, at least 2nd C. AD)
 
Achilles Relents - at a price
The Body of Hector is Weighed
    Greek terracotta plaque, c.440 BC, perhaps from the Greek island of Melos showing Hector's body lying on a gigantic weighing-scale. Priam is on the right, mourning.
In the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto.
Polyxena: Greek vase
    Athenian vase, dating c.480 BC, showing Polyxena collecting water at a fountain; the other side shows Achilles secretly watching her.
By the so-called "Athena Painter"; in the Louvre, Paris.
Polyxena: neo-classical painting
    Detail of painting "Hecuba and Polyxena" by Merry-Joseph Blondel, c.1814; in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, USA.
The story of Achilles' love for Polyxena is one that, although not in Homer's Iliad, was told in other ancient versions (see Sources below) and was popular in Medieval times.
Achilles and Polyxena in love
    19th-century Italian terracotta sculpture.
Hector's Body brought back into Troy
    Detail from a Roman sarcophagus (c.180-200 AD); in the Louvre, Paris.
Hector's Grave
    The story of the Trojan War as told by the Greek epic poet Homer in his Iliad ends with the line:
That was the funeral of Hector, tamer of horses.
These lines are reflected in this illustration by Alan Lee, 1993.
Classical sources for the above section:
> Homer, Iliad 24.507ff
> Hyginus, Fabulae 110 (Latin book of myths, 1st-2nd C. AD)
> Dictys of Crete, Journal of the Trojan War 3.2,24,27; 4.1-2 (Greek fictional diary, at least 2nd C. AD)
> Dares of Phrygia, History of the Fall of Troy 27 (Latin novel, 6th C. AD)

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