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Useful weblinks: War With Troy, Episode 12

Odysseus' Big Idea
Wooden Horse: c.680 BC
    Earliest known depiction of the Trojan Horse...
On the left hand side of this bronze brooch you can see a horse with wheels under the legs!
Here's the actual fibula but it's very difficult to make out the horse.
From Boetia, Greece, now in the British Museum, inv 3205.
Wooden Horse: c.675 -650 BC
    This Greek amphora (storage jar) dating c.675 BC has another early depiction of the Trojan Horse. The whole jar carries other scenes from the sack of Troy.
In Mykonos Museum, Greece.
Wooden Horse: c.475-450 BC
    Modern reconstruction of a description of a painting at Delphi by the famous Greek painter Polygnotus.
Wooden Horse: c.10 BC - c.10 AD
    You can make out the Horse on the right of this marble relief; a soldier emerges from its side, about to descend a ladder leaned up to its side. This small part of a sculpted marble plaque - the Tabula Iliaca dates from the middle of Augustus' reign as Roman emperor and is on view in the Capitoline Museum in Rome.
Here's a drawing of the relief sculpture that clarifies the scene.
Wooden Horse: c.79 AD
    Roman wall-painting from an unknown location in Pompeii; now in the Naples Archaeological Museum.
Wooden Horse: 2nd-3rd century AD
    Sculpture coming from the ancient kingdom of Gandhara, located in today's northern Pakistan and eastern Afghanistan. The classical influence spread far and wide, and this region was once part of Alexander the Great's empire.
In the British Museum.
Wooden Horse: 5th century AD
    A coloured drawing from the 400's BC shows a splendid wooden horse behind the "captured" Greek, Sinon, who stands before King Priam of Troy. In the Vatican Library.
Wooden Horse: c.1495
    Drawing from Recueil des histoires de Troie, a medieval French manuscript about the Trojan War by Raoul Lefèvre from 1495. In the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.
Wooden Horse: c.1530
    Medieval French panel-painting showing the Greeks hiding themselves in the horse.
Wooden Horse: c.1760
    Painting by Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo. In the National Gallery, London.
Wooden Horse: 1956
    1956 book illustration by Alice and Martin Provensen.
Wooden Horse : 1986
    The Trojans drag the horse into the city. Illustration by Peter Connolly, 1986.
Wooden Horse : 1993
    The wall is broken and the horse is hauled through. Illustration adapted from Alan Lee.
Wooden Horse : 1997
    Illustration by Victor Ambrus.
Wooden Horse : 2004
    The horse built for the blockbuster movie Troy. Its rough-and-ready look is perhaps more in line with what the Greeks may have thrown together on the beach all those centuries ago.
Wooden Horse: 2007
    Illuminated from within this stunning creation was part of the Mardi Gras Parade in Sydney, Australia in 2007. The joyous crowds seems to recreate the atmosphere as the "real" Trojan Horse was brought into Troy.
Wooden Horse : 2008
    This horse stands by the ruins of Troy in Turkey. And you can climb inside!
Wooden Horse : 2009
    It's actually part of a rollercoaster in Wisconsin, USA.
Classical sources for the above section:
> Virgil, Aeneid 2.13-39, 234-253 (Latin epic poem, 19BC)
> Apollodorus, Library Ep.5.14-16 (Greek book of myths, 1st C. AD)
> Hyginus, Fabulae 108 (Latin book of myths, 1st-2nd C. AD)
> Dictys of Crete, Journal of the Trojan War 5.11 (Greek novel, at least 2nd C. AD)
A Couple Reunited
The Greeks descend from the Wooden Horse
    The number of Greeks hidden inside the horse varies from account to account.
Menelaus seeks out Helen 1
    Dating to c.470-50 BC, this Greek vase shows Menelaus chasing Helen and - struck by her beauty - dropping his sword. Attributed to The Altamura Painter; in the British Museum.
Menelaus seeks out Helen 2
    Detail of a Greek pot, made in Athens c.450-40 BC, shows Menelaus chasing Helen and struck by her beauty dropping his sword. Aphrodite stands on the left "organising" their reconciliation.
Here's the full vase.
In the Louvre, Paris.
Menelaus seeks out Helen 3
    Lovely poem "Menelaus and Helen" by the English poet Rupert Brooke written c.1910.
Death of Paris
    War With Troy takes a neat and novel approach to Paris' death, combining it with Helen and Menelaus' joyful reunion. In the ancient sources, Paris is fatally wounded by an arrow shot by the Greek warrior Philoctetes. Paris appeals to his first wife, the nymph Oenone, to heal him - but she refuses... and Paris dies.
This version is depicted in this 1816 painting by Antoine Jean-Baptiste Thomas.
In L'École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris.
War With Troy also takes a neat and novel approach to Priam's death making it a face-off between the king of the Greeks and the king of the Trojans. The ancient versions tell of Neoptolemus, the son of Achilles, finishing off Priam.
Death of Priam 1
    This Greek vase painting, dating c.475 BC, is the most famous ancient depiction of the Sack of Troy. Here we see Neoptolemus about to strike a deadly blow against Priam who has his dead grandson Astyanax on his lap. Here's the whole vase.
In the National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Italy.
Death of Priam 2
    "The Death of Priam" painted by the French artist Pierre Narcisse Guerin, c.1817.
In the Musée des Beaux-Arts, Angers, France
Death of Astyanax 1
    Greek amphora, dating c.540 BC, showing Priam being battered to death with the body of his grandson Astyanax. Tasteful.
In the British Museum, London.
Death of Astyanax 2
    Dramatic 1868 painting by French artist E-T Blanchard; in L'École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris.
Classical sources for the above section:
> Euripides, Andromache 1.5-10 (Greek tragedy, 428-424 BC)
> Ovid, Metamorphoses 13.405-417 (Latin epic poem, c.8 AD)
> Apollodorus, Library 3.154; Ep.5.23 (Greek book of myths, 1st C. AD)
> Dictys of Crete, Journal of the Trojan War 5.11-13 (Greek novel, at least 2nd C. AD)
A Dream Comes True / The Gods Have the Last Word
The Destruction of Troy
    "The Burning of Troy", c.1750 by the German artist Johann Georg Trautmann. In the collection of the Granddukes of Baden, Karlsruhe, Germany.
The Destruction of Troy
    2008 digital image by I.Evran Ozturk.
The Dream Comes True
    Fantastic digital-art entitled "Fulfillment of a Prophecy" by A. Wilson from Washington, USA, 2008.
Memories of Troy
    Thought-provoking image of poppies among the ruins of Troy.
Troy Today
    The sad ruins...
and all because...
    of a golden apple marked kallisti - "for the fairest".

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